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Pioneering the Future

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Fertilizer nitrogen uptake efficiencies for potato as influenced by application timing

Abstract: Estimation of N uptake efficiency of fertilizer applications at different growth stages of crop plants is critical to develop management recommendations
that enhance fertilizer use by minimizing N losses. In this study, the N-fertilizer uptake efficiency (FNUE) of two chipping potato (Solanum
tuberosum L.) varieties (‘Atlantic’ and ‘FL1867’) under three typical fertilizer application timings was investigated. All treatments received a total of 
225 kg ha-1 of N throughout the season, split into three applications of 75 kg ha-1 as ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) applied at pre-plant, plant emergence and
tuber initiation. FNUE at each application timing was evaluated by the substitution of conventional N-fertilizer by isotope labeled ammonium nitrate (15NH4
15 NO3). Total tuber yield was similar between the two varieties at 48.8 and 37.5 Mg ha-1 in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Likewise, the overall FNUE was also
similar at 45 % across both varieties and years. FNUE was 11 %for the pre-plant application, while 62 %for the applications at emergence and tuber initiation
stages. Since a small fraction of the N applied at preplant was recovered in the plant, N fertilizer application closer to the potato planting may increase the
FNUE.

Need more information about growing potatoes? You can always return to the potato fertilizer & potato crop guide table of contents