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White Clover

Abstract: White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is the world’s most widely grown clover. White clover originated in the Mediterranean region and was subsequently spread throughout Europe by wind, water, birds, and grazing animals. It was cultivated in the Netherlands in the 1600’s and introduced into England in the 1700’s. Early European colonists who had recognized its value as a pasture plant brought it to America. White clover evolved in areas characterized by fertile soils and good soil moisture. Its evolution and spread was closely associated with the domestication of grazing animals.